abate

英 [ə'beɪt]美 [ə'bet]
abate

中文词源

来自古法语,而法语又来自通俗拉丁语,来自 a-(同 ad-,去,往)+ bat-(与 beat 同源,打、击)+ -e(后缀,无实意)→ 字面意思就是“将其打压下去”,故引申为“减轻、减弱、减少”。同源词:beat(打击、跳动),batter(连续猛击、持续打击)。

英语词源

abate (v.)
c. 1300, "put an end to;" early 14c., "to grow less, diminish in power or influence," from Old French abattre "beat down, cast down," from Vulgar Latin *abbatere, from Latin ad "to" (see ad-) + battuere "to beat" (see batter (v.)). Secondary sense of "to fell, slaughter" is in abatis and abattoir

权威例句

1. We must abate the noise pollution in our city.
我们必须消除我们城里的噪音污染.

来自《现代英汉综合大词典》

2. The doctor gave him some medicine to abate the powerful pain.
医生给了他某种药,以减弱那剧烈的疼痛.

来自《用法词典》

3. The storm began to abate slightly.
风暴开始稍有所减弱.

来自《简明英汉词典》

4. But the dispute over industrial organization did not abate.
但关于产业工会的争执并未平息下来.

来自英汉非文学 - 政府文件

5. We abate something of the wanton extravagance of our pretensions.
我们把自己恣肆狂妄的心胸稍稍加以收敛.

来自辞典例句

[ abate 造句 ]